Country Information

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in Africa, of 39 075 700 hectares, bordered by South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana and Zambia.

Altitudes range from around 500 metres in the northern Zambezi Valley to 1500 metres in the highveld and then slope down again to around 300 metres in the south-east Lowveld.

Zimbabwe also has some of the world’s most ancient rock formations known generally as the Basement Complex. Large scale faulting in the distant past has been responsible for the creation of the Middle Zambezi Valley in the north and the SabiValley in the east.

Climate

Zimbabwe’s climate is divided mainly into Summer and Winter.

Summer is October to April when maximum temperatures average 32C and during which rains may be expected. Winter is May to September and average temperatures during the day are 20 Celsius, but can drop much lower at night. Very little rain can be expected at this time.

Although game viewing and safari activities take place year round, the game is more easily visible during Winter when the vegetation dries off.

In recent years the rains have not been very heavy during the Summer, resulting in dry agricultural conditions, but good game viewing conditions for most of the year.

Vegetation

Zimbabwe’s vegetation is covered principally by tropical woodlands and savannas interspersed with areas of grassland.

On the central plateau over 1200m the dominant vegetation is savanna woodland with the predominant tree being the “Msasa“. Vleis consisting of moist grassland occur along the drainage lines in both woodland and savanna.

Below 900m we have a more deciduous tree savanna with the Mopane woodlands of the hot, dry river valley systems as in the Middle Zambezi, characterised by many Baobabs. A palm savanna also occurs in more limited areas.

In the eastern highlands, with the increase in rainfall and cooler temperatures, Mopane vegetation predominates and Giant Heath occurs.